"How can anyone who is able to enjoy the beauties of a Virgil, a Tasso, a Shakespeare, who can follow the logical conclusions of a Liebnitz and Kant--how can such a one find pleasure in the Old Testament, so deficient in form and taste, and in the senseless writings of the Talmud?"
-Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch

Thursday, April 06, 2006

Drilled Teeth Found 3000 Years Before Man Invented

These teeth are from about 3,000 years before Adam. More proof that teeth and drill bits where around before God created humans.
LONDON (Reuters) - Long before the invention of electric drills and anesthesia early humans drilled teeth to treat decay, according to research published Wednesday.

But in the absence of modern metal tools the Neolithic drill of choice 9,000 years ago was a flint head, according to Roberto Macchiarelli, of the University of Poitiers in France.

While excavating in Pakistan, Macchiarelli and a team of international scientists found drilled molars from nine adults discovered in a grave that date from 7,500 to 9,000 years ago.

"These findings provide evidence for a long tradition of a type of proto-dentistry in an early farming culture," Macchiarelli said in a report in the journal Nature.

The four females, two males and three people whose gender was unknown had a total of 11 drilled teeth. One had three drilled teeth and another had a tooth that had been drilled twice.

"Four teeth show signs of decay associated with the hole, indicating that the intervention in some cases could have been therapeutic or palliative," he added.

Some type of filling may have been used but the researchers said there is no remaining evidence to confirm it. Drilling teeth seems to have continued for 1,500 years in the area before stopping, according to the scientists.

"Presumably, the know-how originally developed by skilled artisans for bead production was successfully transferred to drilling teeth in a form of proto-dentistry," said Macchiarelli.


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